Awakening Africa Magazine


Personal Financial Planning for Investment

3 Mins read

Personal financial planning is having a clear understanding of your financial situation that is your income, debts, savings, insurance, and investments. This information helps in making the best informed financial decisions on a day-to-day basis and for the future. Simply put, financial planning is being cautious of how you spend and save your money.

In today’s world, where economies are suffering and services are accessible at the touch of a button, the concept of financial planning has become challenging than ever before. Without proper financial planning, you could feel like you are always a step away from bankruptcy: and it could be true because of the lack of idea of where you are spending your money.

Here are few tips on how to plan for your money;  

Planning for Investment

An investment plan involves more than choosing where to put your money. Some important questions to ask yourself beforehand would be; why do you need to invest and what are your reasons for investment. This could either be to generate income, to help you through retirement, as a safety caution or for growth.  

Determine your current situation

This is by determining your age, current financial situation, and risk profile. You are never too young or too old to start investing. However, these determinants are a major guide on the investment strategy that you should take.

Investing at a young age means that you are able to take in more risks since you have time to recover from the loss.

Many investment plans have a minimum amount you can invest. You need to determine how much money you are willing to put in, either by investing huge amounts or by making regular monthly contributions.

Investments also come with the risk that you could lose all or part of your money which can be too risky for most people. While some of these losses are inevitable, one way to help reduce your risk is to diversify your investments as well as making small monthly contributions.

Establish your financial goals

Every person must know what they intend to do with your investments. It could either be a source of income, a saving plan, or a retirement plan. Whatever the end goal, you will need to establish a diverse portfolio to help you have enough money to work with at the end.

The next step is to determine a timeframe within which you hope to achieve your goals. Your investment timeline is determined by your short-term and long-term goals for your monies. Short-term investments are mostly done with safety as their main goal while long-term investments are made for future purposes, such as a retirement plan.

The amount of money you invest will be determined by how soon you wish to get returns. For short-term goals, you might need to invest a lot of money which also means that you are more at risk in case of any eventuality. 

Create an Investment Plan

Determine how you are going to diversify your investment. Having multiple investments will help cushion you from loss in case the plan fails. Example of places where you could invest your money include in bonds, stock markets and in savings accounts. How much you invest in each depends on how much money you are willing to put in.  

If unsure of the process, you should seek the advice of an expert to help you investigate and evaluate your options.

Keep track of your progress

With both long-term and short-term goals in mind, keep evaluating the progress of your investment. You need to keep up with how they are performing to determine whether or not they are performing as per expectations.

Finally, ensure that you evaluate your risk profile. You may need to adjust your financial plan frequently as your financial situation changes and as you age.

Research and experience are all you need to start planning your finances for investment. The experience will come after a while as a result of extensive research and action. Before leaping, take your time to look into all available opportunities around you.

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